Uni Sosial Demokrat Press Statement
Moratorium of National Politics
The current socio-political circumstance shows that Indonesia is now on a worrying stage as a nation. The disagreement among political elites has not been in tolerable conditions anymore; it leads to a tendency to destroy each other.

In this kind of particular process, the people have been sacrificed. The case of the three bombs explosion in Jakarta, the effort to spread social unrest around West and East Java Province are just at a glance of the whole illegal efforts to gain an artificial support from the people, that the current political conflict is "legitimate". Nonetheless, it is much more important to bear in mind, that this restlessness has to be paid by the people with their tears, sweats and blood.

The people, who have been suffering from the continuous economic and political crises -a number of 130 million people who live below the poverty line, 30 million among them are the children under five with malnutrition-are now have to suffer longer, again and again for a political elites' conflict. The people are now sacrificed on purpose for a political interest of power fighting.

As a part of the people, Uni Sosial Demokrat states its opinions that:

  1. The conflict of the President vs. Parliament which is currently being settled by means of destroying each other, has never been part of the people mandate given to them.
  2. Both legislative and executive body have lost their capacity to manage the nation life, more particularly because they have been captured by the three huge power groups, i.e. authoritarian military group, business/investor group which has narrow, short term interest and fundamentalist religious group. In the center of current legislative and executive conflict, there exists those groups interest conflict
  3. The majority of the current Parliament members are deeply involved within huge scale of corruption and collusion, which particularly involves with the military and business interest. They are involved in the process of the fighting for "un-owned hidden treasure" of the New Order. This automatically disables parliament's legitimacy as people's representative, although they were elected in the general election, which according to them, was "democratic and fair".
  4. The way Parliament (MPR-RI) promoted the Vice President Megawati Kiemas as President on the "cost" of President Abdurrahman Wahid was very unwise. MPR RI seems to close their eyes for the possible social unrest, which in turn might escalate and lead to new instability in politics, economics and social tranquility in the country.
  5. It is smelled that the current political process rotten in a way to preserve corruption, collution and nepotism and to direct to a "reincarnation" of New Order. 
  6. The current political solutions are loaded with political maneuvers and full of hidden political agenda, which timely turns into "social dynamite" that can explode anytime. The explosion, if happens, will have to be paid in a very high cost by Indonesia.

Therefore, Uni Sosial Demokrat appeals for:

  1. An immediate Moratorium of National Politics to prepare a new constitution (essential amendments of current constitution) and a fairer new general election in the frame of renewed constitution.

  2. The people alliance to avoid horizontal and vertical conflict. Any social movement should be a peaceful movement to build people's power. It should aim to accelerate and to push the current government and parliament to work for the nation movement toward New Indonesia which shall be more just, humane, and democratic.

In that new construction, Uni Sosial Demokrat purposes several thoughts as discourse, which covers such points as followings:

  1. New Form of Indonesia, as The United Archipelago of Indonesia with Federal Quasi (extended autonomy for local governments).

  2. Amend Pancasila (The Five Pillars, the state ideology) with an entry of the environment and nature conservation in one of it pillars, to keep the relevance of the ideology in the future. This was forgotten by Indonesia's founding fathers due to the different time-context.

  3. The President and the Vice President should be directly elected in one package of general election by the people.

  4. The parliament members are elected by several various means:
    1. A mixed of proportional and district methods for the existing political parties.
    2. Local Representatives can be directly elected in district methods, in which one municipal gets one representative (there exist 360-400 municipals nowadays).
    3. Members of parliament from political parties (d.1.) and local representatives (d.2.) constitute MPR whose responsibility to set 5 years National Direction (GBHN) 5 and establish the policy of center-local relationship in 5 years period.
    4. Members of parliament from political parties (d.1) cooperate with the government to execute and carry out the implementation program of MPR's policy.
    5. If there exists a fundamental disagreement between President and Parliament, or President and Vice President, or Central and Local Government, in order to prevent rebellions and separatist movements, voting can be held in MPR. Consecutively, if there are equal power groups in MPR, MPR can purpose a referendum or new general election concerning the disagreement/problems.
    6. In the new constitution the President cannot be impeached by parliament, but referendum or general election, conducted by following the process d.5.
    7. Concerning the geographical, ethnical conditions, and heterogeneous society, it is proposed a possibility to have more than one Vice Presidents. If the President has permanent obstacle within his/her period, the President can be elected from the Vice Presidents by a voting in MPR until the end of the presidency period.

The whole political process conducted to prepare the New Form of Indonesia should always refer to the civilized, humane, democratic means through societal enlightenment by actively avoiding primordialistic, sectarian and violence actions.

Jakarta, 23 July 2001

Bambang Warih Koesoema                                     Yanuar Nugroho
Presidium                                                                    General Secretary

4 tahun UNISOSDEM Jakarta Melintasi Sejarah
17 Agustus 1998 - 17 Agustus 2002
Format Baru Negara Indonesia Yang Demokratis
Moratorium of National Politics
Pernyataan Bersama Mengutuk Pembakaran Buku
Surat Kepada Wakil Presiden RI
Surat Kepada Presiden Dan Wakil Presiden RI
Surat Kepada Ketua MPR-RI
Hentikan Penjualan Aset-Aset Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Melalui BPPN Kepada Malaysia
Menyikapi Potensi Disintegrasi Bangsa
Masih Adakah Harapan Bagi Kaum Miskin dari Pemerintah Megawati?
Moratorium Politik Nasional
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